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I am an Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology and Criminology at Villanova University I received my PhD in Sociology from Pennsylvania State University in 2013. I study and teach about inequality, specifically, crime and formal social control.

My research is divided into three areas. One focuses on inequalities in criminal justice experiences, most recently examining disparities in police violence, while another investigates how criminal justice contact, particularly incarceration, creates and reproduces inequalities. For instance, I have studied how incarceration affects political representation, family functioning, wages, and residential outcomes. My third line of work examines correlates of criminal behavior over the life course, primarily mental health to date.