I am an Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology and Criminology at Villanova University I earned my PhD in Sociology from Pennsylvania State University. I study and teach about inequality, specifically, crime and formal social control.

My research comprises three areas. I study inequalities in criminal justice experiences, most recently examining disparities in police violence, as well as how criminal justice contact, particularly incarceration, creates and reproduces inequalities. For instance, I have investigated how incarceration affects political representation, family functioning, wages, and residential outcomes. I also examine correlates of criminal behavior over the life course, primarily mental health and civic engagement to date.